Mohammad Makhlouf has reached a level of influence that no other official had reached in the era of Hafez al-Assad, because he could communicate with Hafez at any time and on any occasion. He also used to bribe state officials with exorbitant gifts.
The disputes between the Russians and the Turks over supplying water and electricity have escalated several times, and every time it has led to worsening the living conditions of those who are living without these two main services.
Markets in Syria seem- like the majority of Syrians in Syria- to be dying slowly, since news of the Caesar Act and its consequences has exhausted them psychologically before it has had the chance to take an effect economically.
Many questions remain unanswered by the “Caesar Act”, the one supposedly directed against the Syrian regime. Among the most significant ones is: “Does the Caesar Act have the ability to disturb the Syrian Regime’s military machinery and its security grip, since it has been labelled the Civilians Protection Law?”